SWOV Catalogus


Road users who are elderly : drivers and pedestrians.
C 20523 (In: C 20506) /21 /73 /83 /85 / ITRD E112241
Simoes, A.
In: Human Factors for Highway Engineers, 2002, p. 255-275, 2 ref.

Samenvatting The increasing numbers of elderly people in Europe and their dependence on the car is reviewed. Elderly people consider mobility very important for their quality of life. Ageing and functional capacities are described. The ability of elderly drivers to compensate for their deficits is discussed. The accident profile of elderly drivers is described. Changes in the walking ability of elderly pedestrians are described in relation to their effects on ability to cross the road. Elderly pedestrians are more likely to take the shortest path and will not systematically use pedestrian crossings. The risk of fatality increases with age. The highway design requirements of elderly drivers and pedestrians are outlined. The potential of ITS to provide route guidance systems, reversing aids, night vision enhancement systems and collision avoidance systems are discussed. Additional driver training and new technology for elderly drivers is suggested.
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