SWOV Catalogus


Drug usage by Australian drivers.
C 11234 (In: C 11088 c) /83 / IRRD 896807
Starmer, G.A. Bock, T. Harris, J. Mascord, D.J. Nelson, J. Tattam, B. & Zeleny, R.
In: Alcohol, drugs and traffic safety : proceedings of the 14th ICADTS International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety T'97, Annecy, France, 21 September - 26 September 1997, Volume 3, p. 1135-1141, 10 ref.

Samenvatting This survey was carried out during November-December 1992. Truck, bus and car driver (n = 1,688) were approached in rural areas and on the outskirts of cities throughout mainland Australia. After provision of a saliva sample, drivers were interviewed about their attitudes towards and usage of drugs (licit and illicit), the timing and symptoms of fatigue which they might have experienced and the strategies which they used to deal with fatigue. They were also asked about the symptoms of (stimulant) drug use and they provided general classification and demographic data. The saliva samples were analysed by gas chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry for the presence of a wide range of drugs, including caffeine and cotinine, but excluding alcohol. A total of 1,168 saliva samples were examined for the presence of 178 drugs (screen 1) and a further 520 saliva samples were subjected to an attenuated (18 drugs) screen (screen 2). The attenuated screen consisted of drugs of concern which had been identified in the main survey. The drug findings are shown and are discussed with respect to the survey data. (A)
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