SWOV Catalogus

89016

Regranting driving license after medical control : long-term follow-up and results of rehabilitation of drunken drivers.
C 10364 (In: C 10334 [electronic version only]) /83 / IRRD 866607
Kristenson, H. Sternebring, B. Månsson, M. Johnsson, G. & Andersson, K.
In: Alcohol, drugs and traffic safety : proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety T92, held under the auspices of the International Committee on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety ICADTS, Cologne, Germany, 28 September - 2 October 1992, Band 1, p. 353-363, 15 ref.

Samenvatting This paper discusses the Swedish approach to rehabilitation of drunk drivers, using licence revocation in conjunction with long-term medical control, and discusses recent experience of this approach. Since a change of Swedish law in 1991, a drunk driver must fulfil more detailed requirements to obtain a licence or have it regranted. The programme comprises: (1) qualified repeated assessment by a senior psychiatrist; (2) regular laboratory check-ups of liver enzymes; (3) counselling and an open discussion with the driver; (4) control of clinical and traffic records. At a suitable stage, an approval for a licence is issued, and a control period is recommended. The results of two analyses of ten years' traffic records, conducted in 1987 and 1989, are summarised. In January 1991, a special clinic was set up for drunk drivers and all certificate issues. Driving licence revocation seems to be the most effective sanction for drunk drivers; in Sweden, the driver is motivated to change drinking habits, in exchange for a medical certificate approving a new licence. Long-term repeated investigations help to change life habits and control driving behaviour in recidivists. Measurements and monitoring laboratory tests are also necessary.
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