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Injury risk of vulnerable road users in case of accidents with crash bar equipped off-road vehicles.
C 9530 (In: C 9522) /84 /91 / IRRD 896331
Zellmer, H. & Otte, D.
In: Proceedings of the 1995 International IRCOBI Conference on the Biomechanics of Impacts, Brunnen, Switzerland, September 13-15, 1995, p. 119-132, 7 ref.

Samenvatting Off-road vehicles with and without crash bars were tested with the EEVC-WG 10 proposed subsystems test procedure for pedestrian protection. The aim is to get a better understanding of the potential harm crash bars to vulnerable road users. The tests with the child headform impactor revealed that Head Injury Criterion (HIC) values in excess of 1000 (which is the proposed limit at 40 km/h) can already be attained at impact velocities as low as 20 km/h. With the upper legform impactor, the test requirements were not satisfied, the crash bars falling short by a factor 2 to 3. These results are compared with tests on normal passenger cars. Findings from real accidents involving off-road vehicles with and without crash bars and vulnerable road users are presented and discussed with respect to the results of the sub-system tests. (A) See also C 4540 (In: C 4511 S) IRRD 879218.
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