Trends in driving under the influence of drugs: A register-based study of DUID suspects during 1977-2007.
I E140919 /83 / ITRD E140919
Ojaniemi, K.K. Lintonen, T.P. Impinen, A.O. Lillsunde, P.M. & Ostamo, A.I.
Accident Analysis & Prevention. 2009 /01. 41(1) Pp191-196 (52 Refs.)
|Samenvatting||The aim was to describe the incidence and trends of driving under the influence of drugs (DUID) and to examine the main drug findings and their trends in suspected DUID cases in Finland. A register-based study was conducted of all suspected DUID cases during 19772007. The data included 31,963 DUID offenders apprehended by the police with a positive finding for illicit/licit drug impairing driving performance. Toxicological results were analyzed in blood and/or urine specimens in one central laboratory. The incidence of suspected DUID cases increased 18-fold during 19772007. Most of the suspects were men (89.7%). However, the malefemale ratio decreased from 13.9 to 7.3. The mean age decreased from 36.2 years in 1977 to 29.9 years in 2001 but has since reincreased. Most often found substances were benzodiazepines (75.7%), amphetamines (46.0%), cannabinoids (27.7%) and opioids (13.8%). Most common illicit drugs, amphetamines and cannabinoids, started to appear at the end of the 1980s. Poly-drug findings were common (77.1%). Suspected DUID cases have increased sharply after the introduction ofa zero tolerance law, especially in regard to amphetamines. DUID is an increasing problem in Finland, and needs serious attention. (A) Reprinted with permission from Elsevier.|
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