Do risk factors for re-arrest differ for female and male drunk-driving offenders ?
20160042 ST [electronic version only]
Lapham, S.C. Skipper, B.J. Hunt, W.C. & Chang, I.
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, Vol. 24 (2000), No. 11 (November), p. 1647-1655, 48 ref.
|Samenvatting||The present study investigated gender differences in factors affecting recidivism among 628 female and 659 male drunk-driving offenders. The study population included residents from New Mexico who completed a screening program for offenders and who were still residents when contacted 5 years later. Risk factors for re-arrest in the 5-year period after screening referral were examined using multiple logistic regression models. Predictor variables included gender, age, ethnicity, education, marital status, blood alcohol concentration at arrest, parental alcohol problems, spousal alcohol problems, lifetime use of cannabis, cocaine, or amphetamines, abusive behavior toward spouse, and scores on two standardized assessments. Results showed that risk factors for re-arrest were similar for males and females except that young age predicted higher recidivism among males but not females. The overall 5-year re-arrest rate was 26%–20% for women, 38% for males age 30 and under, and 24% for males age 31 and older. Young age predicts re-arrest for males but not for females. Neither the type of risk factors nor the number of risk factors fully explained female offenders’ disproportionately lower recidivism rates, compared with young males. (Author/publisher)|
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