Naturalistic driving study : descriptive comparison of the study sample with national data.
20150472 ST [electronic version only]
Antin, J. Stulce, K. Eichelberger, L. & Hankey, J.
Washington, D.C., Transportation Research Board TRB, 2015, 34 p., 23 ref.; The Second Strategic Highway Research Program SHRP 2 ; Report S2-S31-RW-1 - ISBN 978-0-309-31491-6
|Samenvatting||The SHRP 2 NDS is the first large-scale study focused on collision prevention (as opposed to injury prevention once a collision occurs) since the Indiana Tri-Level Study (Tri-Level Study of the Causes of Traffic Accidents: Final Report, Report DOT HS-805 085, U.S. Department of Transportation, May 1979). Vehicle use was recorded continuously in the SHRP 2 NDS. Information on vehicle travel, or exposure, can be extracted at the same level of detail as for safety-related events like crashes and near crashes. Hence, the SHRP 2 NDS is the first large-scale study to support detailed estimates of collision risk. Moreover, crashes are a leading cause of nonrecurring congestion. Collision prevention has added benefits in terms of reduced delay, fuel consumption, and emissions. The focus of the NDS is to provide objective information on the role of driver behaviour and performance in traffic collisions and the interrelationship of the driver with vehicle, roadway, and environmental factors. The SHRP 2 Safety research program was carried out under the guidance of the Safety Technical Coordinating Committee (TCC), which was composed of volunteer experts. The Safety TCC developed and approved all project descriptions and budgets and met semi-annually to review progress and approve any program modifications. The Oversight Committee approved all budget allocations and contract awards. Assistance was provided by expert task groups, which developed requests for proposals, evaluated proposals and recommended contractors, and provided expert guidance on many issues, such as data access policies and procedures. The decisions and recommendations of the governing committees were implemented by SHRP 2 staff as they carried out day-to-day management of the research projects. This report provides a descriptive comparison of data from the SHRP 2 Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS) sample and national data. The primary objective of the SHRP 2 NDS is to support analyses relating crash risk to driver, vehicle, roadway, and environmental characteristics. Since age is one of the most important driver characteristics, this objective is best supported by adequate sample sizes across all age groups. The national population of drivers has the greatest number of drivers in the middle age groups and progressively fewer in the younger and older ages. In contrast, the NDS oversampled younger and older drivers. In addition, the NDS oversampled newer-model-year vehicles because these vehicles provided useful data through their vehicle networks. It is important for users of the NDS data to have information on the relationship of the NDS sample to the national population. In general, many statistics taken directly from the NDS sample will not be nationally representative unless they are adjusted to account for relevant characteristics of the NDS sample. (Author/publisher)|
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