SWOV Catalogus

339424

Drowsy driving and risk behaviors : 10 states and Puerto Rico, 2011-2012.
20140650 ST [electronic version only]
Wheaton, A.G. Shults, R.A. Chapman, D.P. Ford, E.S. & Croft, J.B.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report MMWR, Vol. 63 (2014), No. 26 (July 4), p. 557-562, 10 ref.

Samenvatting Findings in published reports have suggested that drowsy driving is a factor each year in as many as 7,500 fatal motor vehicle crashes (approximately 25%) in the United States. CDC previously reported that, in 2009—2010, 4.2% of adult respondents in 19 states and the District of Columbia reported having fallen asleep while driving at least once during the previous 30 days. Adults who reported usually sleeping ?6 hours per day, snoring, or unintentionally falling asleep during the day were more likely to report falling asleep while driving compared with adults who did not report these sleep patterns. However, limited information has been published on the association between drowsy driving and other risk behaviours that might contribute to crash injuries or fatalities. Therefore, CDC analysed responses to survey questions regarding drowsy driving among 92,102 respondents in 10 states and Puerto Rico to the 2011—2012 Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) surveys. The results showed that 4.0% reported falling asleep while driving during the previous 30 days. In addition to known risk factors, drowsy driving was more prevalent among binge drinkers than non-binge drinkers or abstainers and also more prevalent among drivers who sometimes, seldom, or never wear seatbelts while driving or riding in a car, compared with those who always or almost always wear seatbelts. Drowsy driving did not vary significantly by self-reported smoking status. Interventions designed to reduce binge drinking and alcohol-impaired driving, to increase enforcement of seatbelt use, and to encourage adequate sleep and seeking treatment for sleep disorders might contribute to reductions in drowsy driving crashes and related injuries. (Author/publisher)
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