SWOV Catalogus

337538

Predicting DUI recidivism of male drunken driving : a prospective study of the impact of alcohol markers and previous drunken driving.
20130784 ST [electronic version only]
Portman, M. Penttilä, A. Haukka, J. Eriksson, P. Alho, H. & Kuoppasalmi, K.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 106 (2010), No. 2-3 (15 January), p. 186-192, 51 ref.

Samenvatting The aim of the present study was to determine whether the alcohol biomarkers CDT, GGT, the biomarker y-CDT index and previous drunken driving contributed significantly to the prediction of DUI recidivism. The subjects consisted of two different samples of drivers, viz. drivers who were found to have a positive breath alcohol concentration during random breath testing surveys (n = 237), and drunken drivers who were apprehended during ordinary police work (n = 193). The drunken driving events were monitored using a data-base both retrospectively and prospectively. It was found that the biomarker index, ?-CDT, emerged as a notable predictor of recidivism in the group of random breath tested drivers. Measurement of y-CDT and its impact on DUI recidivism has not to our knowledge been applied to random breath tested drivers before. The apprehended drunken drivers, on the other hand, did not show a significant relationship between ?-CDT and DUI recidivism. However, in both groups of drivers it was found that a previous conviction for drunken driving strongly predicted DUI recidivism. More attention should be paid by both physicians and the police to the high risk of recidivism among those convicted of drunken driving. (Author/publisher)
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