SWOV Catalogus

332548

Rural and urban differences in Kentucky DUI offenders.
20111270 ST [electronic version only]
Webster, J.M. Dickson, M.F. Duvall, J.L. & Clark, D.B.
Journal of Addiction Medicine, Vol. 4 (2010), No. 3 (September), p. 186-190, 27 ref.

Samenvatting Recent national data suggest that the prevalence of driving under the influence (DUI) is higher in rural areas than in more urbanized areas of the United States. However, little is known about rural DUI offenders, particularly those living in very remote areas. This study was conducted to examine the similarities and differences between rural and urban DUI offenders. Based on recent research, it was expected that few differences would be found between rural and urban DUI offenders. This study examined a total of 21,135 substance abuse assessment records for persons convicted of DUI in Kentucky and who concluded treatment in 2005. Assessment records included demographic characteristics, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test scores, Drug Abuse Screening Test scores, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition Text Revision substance use disorder checklist. Beale codes based on county of residence were used to create comparison groups. Positive, and statistically significant, associations were found between rurality and Drug Abuse Screening Test scores, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition substance abuse and dependence disorders, and rates of education/treatment noncompliance. Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test scores were negatively associated with rurality. The study suggests that the problem severity among DUI offenders may be greater in rural areas. Given the lack of treatment services in rural areas, practitioners may face greater challenges in assessing and providing appropriate treatment for this group of DUI offenders, which may put them at greater risk for continued impaired driving. (Author/publisher)
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