Identifying client-level indicators of recovery among DUI, criminal justice, and non-criminal justice treatment referrals.
20100916 ST [electronic version only]
Walker, R. Cole, J. & Logan, T.K.
Substance Use & Misuse, Vol. 43 (2008), No. 12-13; Special Issue on Recovery, p. 1785-1801, 50 ref.
|Samenvatting||This study is part of a mandated treatment outcome study on all government-funded programs in a rural state. This naturalistic study included a sample of 888 clients who served between July 2003 and June 2004 in a state-funded treatment for substance misuse and were included in a follow-up interview 12 months after treatment. To examine differences in treatment outcome, clients were examined in three referral conditions: (1) driving under the influence (DUI) referral; (2) criminal justice referral; and (3) non-criminal justice referral. While more DUI referrals reported alcohol use at 12-month follow-up, there were no other differences between referral conditions. Instead, controlling for factors like age, gender, and race, recovery intent at intake, and 12-step program participation at follow-up predicted positive treatment outcomes, while persistent depression predicted negative outcomes. This study of clients in state-funded treatment for substance misuse provides additional evidence that referral condition does not predispose clients toward positive or negative outcomes. Secondly, client-level factors related to recovery practices and intent to reduce or stop using substances may need closer attention in the clinical process. Study limitations included data being collected by clinicians during intake, which may have resulted in reliability questions about how data are entered. (Author/publisher)|
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