SWOV Catalogus


Territorial markings as a predictor of driver aggression and road rage.
20080733 ST [electronic version only]
Szlemko, W.J. Benfield, J.A. Bell, P.A. Deffenbacher, J.L. & Troup, L.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 38 (2008), No. 6 (June), p. 1664-1688, ref.

Samenvatting Aggressive driving has received substantial media coverage during the past decade. We report 3 studies testing a territorial explanation of aggressive driving. Altman (1975) described attachment to, personalization of, and defense of primary territories (e.g., home) as being greater than for public territories (e.g., sunbathing spot on a beach). Aggressive driving may occur when social norms for defending a primary territory (i.e., one's automobile) become confused with less aggressive norms for defending a public territory (i.e., the road). Both number of territory markers (e.g., bumper stickers, decals) and attachment to the vehicle were significant predictors of aggressive driving. Mere presence of a territory marker predicts increased use of the vehicle to express anger and decreased use of adaptive/constructive expressions. (Author/publisher)
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