Traffic environment for children and elderly as pedestrians and cyclists.
C 43447 (In: C 43429 CD-ROM) /72 / ITRD E137234
Leden, L. Garder, P. & Johansson, C.
In: Proceedings of the 18th workshop on the Technical, Social and Psychological Aspects of Transport Telematics and Safety, the International Cooperation on Theories and Concepts in Traffic Safety ICTCT, Helsinki, Finland, 27-28 October 2005, 30 ref.
|Samenvatting||Vehicle speeds should be 30 km/h or less wherever children (regularly) cross streets. However, safety can be further improved at sites already reconstructed to ensure low speeds. Results based on field data collected at sites close to schools in Malmo, Trollhattan and Boras in Sweden, and analyses of Finnish and Swedish police-reported crashes including in-depth studies, suggest that safety for children and elderly is further improved at sites where visibility, orientation and clarity are sufficient. Also, marked crosswalks may increase yield rates towards pedestrians and speed cushions situated at a longer distance from the zebra crossing increase yield rates towards pedestrians and cyclists. It is also concluded that bicycle facilities promote biking and that the risk for bicyclists and pedestrians decrease with increasing bicycle and pedestrian flows. Some key issues are here outlined for the design of a safe, non-restrictive cycle network. For the covering abstract see ITRD E137489.|
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