SWOV Catalogus

116214

Cycle helmet wearing in 2004. Prepared for the Department for Transport, Road Safety Division.
C 37566 [electronic version only] /84 / ITRD E127850
Inwood, C. Whitley, C. & Sexton, B.
Crowthorne, Berkshire, Transport Research Laboratory TRL, 2005, IV + 30 p., 11 ref.; TRL Report ; No. 644 - ISSN 0968-4107 / ISBN 1-84608-643-4

Samenvatting An observational study was undertaken by TRL in the autumn of 1994 to investigate the cycle helmet wearing rate on major built-up roads in Great Britain. During the survey, 27,000 cyclists were observed at 79 busy sites, 16% of whom were wearing a cycle helmet. The study was repeated in 1996, 1999 and 2002. Over time, the cycle helmet wearing rate has increased. In 1996 the wearing was 17.6%, in 1999 it was 21.8% and it rose to 25.1% in 2002. This trend appeared to be due to an increase in the number of adults wearing cycle helmets, with no statistically significant increase amongst children. In 1999 and 2002, an additional survey was carried out on minor built-up roads. The objective was to increase the sample of child cyclists and obtain more representative data of the type of cycling that children and adults do on minor built-up roads. In 1999 8.2% of cyclists were observed wearing helmets, which increased to 9.5% in 2002. This increase was again due to the number of adults wearing cycle helmets. The wearing rate for children actually decreased. This report presents the results of further nationwide observation surveys of cyclists conducted in the autumn of 2004 by TRL on behalf of the DfT. The analyses of the two surveys have been carried out independently, and the results cannot be combined to give overall rates. However, they show that wearing rates on major built up roads are significantly higher for both adults (29.0%) and children (14.1%) than those on the minor built up roads (11.3% and 6.4% for adults and children respectively). The adult wearing rate had increased since the 2002 survey on both types of road, (significant increase on major built-up roads), whereas there was a slight decrease in the wearing rate for children on major built-up roads and for 7-16 year old children on minor built-up roads. However, the wearing rate for children under the age of 7 on minor built-up roads increased significantly. (Author/publisher)
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