SWOV Catalogus


Infrastructure for pedestrians and cyclists. [Formerly known as: Bicycle facilities on distributor roads.]
C 35202 [electronic version only] /73 /82 / ITRD E208692

The Hague, SWOV - Institute for Road Safety Research, 2020, Pp., 66 ref.; SWOV Fact sheet

Samenvatting A safe infrastructure is of vital importance to pedestrians and cyclists. In 2010-2019, 40% of the number of road deaths were pedestrians or cyclists. In 2018, they even made up 69% of the number of seriously injured road users. If pedestrians or cyclists are involved in crashes with motorised vehicles driving faster than 30km/h, they run a significant risk of severe or fatal injuries. The design of residential areas and homezones should therefore ensure that driving speed does not exceed 30km/h. If driving speed exceeds 30 km/h, footpaths and bicycle tracks should physically separate slow traffic from heavy motorised traffic. A one-way bicycle track is preferable to a two-way bicycle track, since the latter increases the number of crashes at priority intersections. To prevent single-bicycle crashes, it is important that that there are no obstacles cyclists can crash into, that road alignment is visually guided, e.g., with edge and centre line marking for bicycle tracks for instance, that the bicycle track is sufficiently wide, that the road surface is even, skid-resistant, free of cracks and clean, and that road shoulders and kerbs are forgiving. Pedestrians and cyclists can cross 50km/h roads most safely at intersections or roundabouts, with roundabouts being safest. At 50km/h road sections, pedestrians can cross the road more safely at pedestrian crossings than at sections without these crossings and most safely at signalised crossings. Pedestrian crossings are ideally implemented under the right conditions (e.g., a crossing length of two lanes at most) and with additional measures (e.g., to limit the speed of cross traffic to 30km/h). Road safety at signalised crossings improves by making them more conflict-free. Similar to bicycle traffic lights, pedestrian traffic lights may also be safer when positioned at the beginning of the crossing, which is called the Maastricht set-up.
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