Fatal distraction? : a comparison of the cell-phone driver and the drunk driver.
C 33561 (In: C 33556 [electronic version only]) /83 / ITRD E830463
Strayer, D.L. Drews, F.A. & Crouch, D.J.
In: Driving Assessment 2003 : proceedings of the 2nd International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design, Park City, Utah, July 21-24, 2003, p. 25-29
|Samenvatting||The authors used a high-fidelity driving simulator to compare the performance of cell-phone drivers with drivers who were legally intoxicated from ethanol. When drivers were conversing on either a hand-held or hands-free cell-phone, their reactions were sluggish and they attempted to compensate by driving slower and increasing the following distance from the vehicle immediately in front of them. By contrast, when drivers were legally intoxicated they exhibited a more aggressive driving style, following closer to the vehicle immediately in front of them and applying more force while braking. When controlling for driving difficulty and time on task, cell-phone drivers exhibited greater impairment than intoxicated drivers.|
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