Willingness and alternatives to drunk driving among young people from Sao Paulo city, Brazil [Disposição e alternativas ao dirigir alcoolizado entre jovens paulistanos].
C 32508 [electronic version only]
Pinsky, I. Labouvie, E. & Laranjeira, R.
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, Vol. 26 (2004), No. 4 (December), p. 234-241, 20 ref.
|Samenvatting||The new Brazilian Traffic Code considers drinking and driving as a traffic crime. A health behavior model suggests that much of the young people's risky behavior is not planned and that questions measuring the willingness to drink and drive are useful. In face of the importance of drinking and driving as a national health problem, the objective of the present study was to analyze the behavior willingness among youngsters about to receive their driver's licenses. The study was carried out at the Sao Paulo Department of Traffic (DETRAN-SP) in 1998. Data were obtained from a sample of 2,166 youths, 18 to 25 years old, who took the written drivers' license examination. Data about, among other things, alcohol consumption, willingness and alternatives to drinking and driving in the following year was examined. In general, individuals displayed willingness to both the risky behavior (drunk driving) and to the safe behavior (alternatives as taking a cab or getting a ride). Regression analyzes were done by dividing the sample in three groups. Several significant differences were found between the groups, suggesting that the attitudes and behaviors went on a direction from safer to riskier from groups 1 to 3. Findings suggest that prevention efforts presenting a spectrum of alternatives to drunk driving and the enforcement of drink and driving laws would be two useful addenda to the more severe laws created in the 1998 Traffic Code. (Author/publisher)|
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