SWOV Catalogus

101429

The role of driver distraction in crashes : an analysis of 1995-1999 Crashworthiness Data System data.
C 22780 (In: C 22761 S) /83 / ITRD E206577
Stutts, J.C. Reinfurt, D.W. & Rodgman, E.A.
In: Proceedings of the 45th Annual Conference of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine AAAM, San Antonio, Texas, September 24-26, 2001, p. 287-301, 10 ref.

Samenvatting Five years ( 1995-1999) of US national Crashworthiness Data System (CDS) data are analysed to determine the role of driver distraction in traffic crashes and the specific sources of this distraction. Results show that 8.3 percent of the drivers were distracted at the time of their crash; after adjustment for the large percentage of drivers with unknown distraction status, the percentage rose to 12.9 percent. The most frequently cited sources of driver distraction were persons, objects or events outside the vehicle (29.4% of distracted drivers), adjusting the radio, tape or CD player (11.4%), and other occupants in the vehicle (10.9%). Other specific distractions which were each cited in only one to four percent of the cases were: moving objects in vehicle, other objects brought into vehicle, adjusting vehicle or climate controls, eating and drinking, cell phones, and smoking. The likelihood of being distracted and the source of distraction varied by driver age but not by gender. Results are discussed in light of the limitations inherent in the CDS and other crash data, and the need for expanded data collection initiatives. (Author/publisher)
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