SWOV Catalogus

100726

Time-to-contact and collision detection estimations as measures of driving safety in old and dementia drivers.
C 22077 (In: C 22030 [electronic version only]) /83 / ITRD E113159
Read, N.L. Ward, N.J. & Parkes, A.M.
In: Proceedings of the first international driving symposium on human factors in driver assessment, training and vehicle design, held Aspen, Colorado, August 14-17, 2001, p. 240-245, 4 ref.

Samenvatting The paper discusses the importance of Time-to-Contact (TTC) and collision occurrence (CD) estimations for safe driving. It describes a computerised testing tool that requires TTC and CD estimations while dividing attention and discusses the association between performance on this task and several measures of driving safety. Four studies showing that the task is sensitive to age effects and dementia effects, that the accuracy of Time-to-Contact estimations differentiates between old and dementia drivers recently involved in accidents and those not involved are described. An association between performance on this task and that on navigation and car following tasks in a driving simulator was also found.
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