Promotion of mobility and safety of vulnerable road users : summary of the European research project PROMISING (Promotion of Measures for Vulnerable Road Users).
C 21401 [electronic version only]
Leidschendam, SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, 2001, 23 p.; D-2001-4
|Samenvatting||This final report of the PROMISING project integrates the findings of the work of six workpackages. The reports of these workpackages are available separately. The final report selects main findings of the different workpackages and combines the results as much as possible. The report is policy-oriented and illustrated with photos and clear examples, in accordance with the requests of EU DGVII, the commissioner of the project. The aim of the PROMISING project was to develop measures that reduce the risk of injury to vulnerable and young road users as much as possible in a non-restrictive way. That is to say that safety and mobility must be improved together; the improvement of safety should not take place at the cost of reduced mobility. The potential for problem reduction was specified for four target groups: pedestrians, cyclists, motorised two-wheelers (i.e. motorcyclists and riders of mopeds) and young car drivers. The aim was to present measures within an implementation framework, with the main focus on technical, non- restrictive aspects. The differences between European countries in their transport modes were taken into consideration. In order to determine the potential for problem reduction, available data and expertise of the following subjects were studied and combined: - safety problems, - task requirements, - measures related to problems and tasks, - effects of measures on safety and on mobility, - costs of measures. The research consists of six workpackages. The first four workpackages each focused on one of the target groups. The research approach between the packages varied. Since there is a lack of planning for the mobility of pedestrians and cyclists, the research approach in the workpackages on these subjects was to take walking and cycling as modes of transport in their own right, and consequently to combine transport criteria with safety criteria. The research approach for the motorised two-wheelers and young drivers differed from this, because of the high risk of these modes in relation to the high speed and complex driver task. In these workpackages, the most important safety measures were selected and subsequently mobility aspects were integrated. The PROMISING project paid much attention to the effectiveness of measures. Calculations of the costs and benefits of a selection of measures were needed to compare the different measures. Workpackage 5 described the technique and application of cost-benefit analyses and calculated the costs and benefits of 20 measures selected by the other workpackages. The points of view of road users and their own experiences were also considered in the comparison of the measures. For this reason, an international forum of interest groups was consulted during the project. In four countries, a national forum with representatives of governments and interest groups was asked for their opinions. These consultations are co-ordinated in WP6. In this current report, the most important results and conclusions of the six workpackages are discussed. For the final report of PROMISING see C 19230 (ITRD E206416).|
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